Stonehenge; Set using ancient alchemy symbols - water, earth, air and Fire.

Stonehenge had a Roof

THE ORIGINAL STONEHENGE WAS AMAZINGLY BEAUTIFUL – A CATHEDRAL OF IT’S TIME. 

Stonehenge, withroof timbers
Stonehenge, withroof timbers

Designed and built by our talented ancestors.

Today’s Stonehenge is just a ruin. The few remaining stones are those too big to move and use elsewhere …but their location and form provide hidden evidence that, to a designer’s eye, indicates how the original building looked.

The first-century B.C. Greek historian, Diodorus Siculus, cites a lost account set down three centuries earlier, which described “a magnificent precinct sacred to Apollo and a notable spherical temple” on a large isle and in the far north, opposite what is now France.

From the outside Stonehenge was conical – like a large round-house. Inside was an oval hall beneath a spherical roof!

The five massive trilithons, the inner ‘horse-shoe’, were structural piers erected to support a trussed core roof. Radiating rafters, with their lower end resting on the outer stone circle, were added after this core -roof was formed.

The central 'core-roof' is key to Stonehenge's roof's structural integrity. Without this the weight of the roof would force the stone-circle outwards.onehenge - core roof

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The trussed core roof rests on the Trilithons. The mechanism for erecting the Trilithons explains why they are different heights.

 

 

Evidence exists to show Stonehenge, as we know it, is the ruin of a complex building. For evidence of the patterns to explain this see Stonehenge symbolism.

A covered walk ran full circle around the buildings outer wall. Compacted chalk foundations for the wall still exists below ground, between the outer blue-stones.
View of the galleried upper level, that over-looked the hall.
View of the galleried upper level, that over-looked the hall.

Stonehenge, when built, looked something like this. Axial openings flooded the interior with light. Solstice ceremonies took place still, magically enhanced by this wonderful building.

FOR THE ARCHAEOLOGISTS:

DESIGN AND PATTERN EVIDENCE SHOWN HERE DOES NOT CONFLICT WITH, NOR CONTRADICT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE. THIS VALUABLE FIELD OF STUDY HAS LONG BEEN OVERLOOKED.

EVIDENCE FOR STONEHENGE BEING A BUILDING.

  1. The horse-shoe of trilithons are set to a pre-drawn symbolic design – more below.
  2. The buried blue-stone, unaffected by wear and tear, is clearly fashioned as a lintel.
  3. The shaping of other blue-stones indicate structural purpose – grooves to accommodate door pole-hinges and tapered support stones.
  4. The trilithons are perfectly positioned to take four large evenly-spaced trusses. See plan above. That these are central and symmetrical,  with two each side of the cross axis could not happen by chance and shows design intent.
  5. An ‘oval’ pattern, formed by the feet of the trusses, fits neatly on top of the trilithons. See below.
  6. The height difference between the trilithons is necessary to raise all four trusses from horizontal to vertical. This exists – see below.
  7. The core and lower slopes together form a structurally stable roof. See below.
  8. The outer blue-stone circle is all that remains of a wall located where midway support for the lower roof slopes is needed. This wall also served to enclosed the building. Compacted chalk, laid as footing for this, still lies under the ground.
  9. The Blue-stone oval has long been acknowledged to exist. This fits perfectly with the setting out plan and design shown here.

IF STONEHENGE WERE RECTANGULAR IN FORM WOULD YOU DOUBT THAT IT ONCE HAD BEEN A BUILDING? 

Ask yourself ‘would Bronze-age man go to so much trouble to source, move, shape and erect such massive stones unless for a very good purpose?’

Stonehenge’s designer was talented and amazing! His or her design was wonderfully symbolic, simple to construct, beautiful inside and – best of all – there is evidence that  health and safety had been considered. 

Tintern Abbey, ruined 500 years ago has no flooring and no roof.
Tintern Abbey, ruined 500 years ago has no flooring and no roof.

Look at our Abbey ruins; tall standing walls remain, roof timbers are long gone as is the flooring. Easily accessed stone is found ‘re-used’ in nearby buildings. No fragment of Stonehenge’s roof will have lasted 4000 years. My initial thought, that to span 15 baunts (16 metres) was impossible, as too large, was answered by research; Westminster Hall spans 20 metres and that was built in 1097, well before machines and power tools were invented!

The trusses were formed from cranked oak timber. It's likely they were of good design, much as the stones are carefully shaped.
The trusses were formed from cranked oak timber. It’s likely they were of good design, much as the stones are carefully shaped.

The trusses are large but not impossibly so. Only eight very long, 15-baunt (16-metre), oak timbers with angled profile are required. The rest of the timbers are not of exceptional size. Bronze-age oaks were very likely bigger and better than those available today. Apparently ship-building in past-times robbed the UK of the good-sized oaks! Green oak is soft and easily shaped.

A civilisation capable of moving and shaping 50 ton stones  can easily fell and shape the timber for a roof! It’ likely that the many hammer-stones, about Stonehenge, were used to shape timber.

The fact that most timbers used are curved is no consequence as each piece was shaped by hand. Our obsession with straight-timber come from using power-tools.

THE CORE ROOF.

At the mouth of Stonehenge’s horse-shoe were additional supports for the roof, and a ceremonial entrance. (Little remains of these. I’m asking for a leap of faith from you, to trust the pattern derived from pattern evidence. When the various parts of the building are right,  all fits together perfectly.)

Most designers aim to create a building that appears balanced from the outside. As Stonehenge’s oval hall was offset, to create a symmetrical roof above this the designer used a clever technique involving two concentric ring-beams. This centralised the roof.

View of the roof from above.

RAISING THE TRUSSES.

Basic technique is shown in this sketch.

Raising a truss_resize.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

All four trusses cannot be raised this way if the trilithons were all of similar height. This explains their height difference.

THE WHOLE ROOF

After completing the core-roof, sixteen principal rafters were added and linked by more ring-perlins. On top of this would be common-rafters, then probably woven-wattle panels to support thatch. Stonehenge was effectively a ‘giant round-house’.

Three further wind’ol forms are shown on each side and two more lower ones on the ends. There’s no evidence for positions of these other than logic, and a tendancy to favour the number three and it’s multiples.

The word window is derived from wind-holes, shortened to wind’ol, then window. Bronze-age man had shutters not glass.

My first sketch is below.first sketch of the roof_resize